Time‐dependent viscoelastic measurements on suspension were investigated. To characterize the structural state, an “instantaneous” viscoelastic function was used, which was obtained by Fourier transformation of the resultant stress to pulse strain of the cosine type. The experiments were made on a suspension of glass beads in a polystyrene solution using a coaxial cylinder rheometer. When the time‐scale of the measurement is comparable with that of the structural change, the measured stress for a sinusoidal strain contains the response due to the structural change besides the viscoelastic response. Therefore, a conventional dynamic method is not applicable to such time‐dependent materials. However, as the time‐scale of a pulse strain is quite different from that of the structural change, the method used provides useful information on the relaxation process during the structural change.